FAQ - Precious and Semi Precious Stones

Actinolite Cat's Eye

Buy actinolite cat's eye at GemSelect
Actinolite is a rare translucent variety of chatoyant actinolite. It is an amphibole silicate that is sometimes mistakenly called 'cat's eye jade'.


Buy agate at GemSelect
Agate is a form of chalcedony quartz that forms in concentric layers in a remarkable variety of colours and textures.

Agate Geode

Buy agate geodes at GemSelect
Agate Geodes are a form of chalcedony quartz that forms in concentric layers in a remarkable variety of colours and textures within rock cavities or vugs with internal crystal formations.


Buy alexandrite at GemSelect
Alexandrite is one of the rarest of all coloured gemstones and is famed for its colour change from green in daylight to red under incandescent light.

Almandine Garnet

Buy almandine garnet at GemSelect
Almandine garnet the most common garnet, is dark-brownish or purplish-red. Garnet is very popular for its excellent hardness and brilliance.


Buy amazonite at GemSelect
Amazonite is a gemstone variety of green microcline, a feldspar mineral. It is named after the Amazon River in Brazil, although no deposits have been found there.


Buy amber at GemSelect
Amber, the fossilized, hardened resin of the pine tree, is one of the few gemstones of organic origin. Most amber is found in the Baltic, where it formed about 50 million years ago.


Buy amethyst at GemSelect
Amethyst is the most precious gemstone within the quartz group. Amethyst ranges in colour from pale lilac to deep reddish-purple.

Amethyst Geode

Buy amethyst geode at GemSelect
Amethyst Geode is a trade name for violet quartz that forms within rock cavities and is often traded under names such crystal clustres or crystal plates.


Buy ametrine at GemSelect
Ametrine is a form of quartz that occurs in bands of yellow and purple, a combination of the colours of amethyst and citrine.


Buy ammolite at GemSelect
Ammolite is a rare gemstone of organic origin that is fairly new to the market, with commercial mining beginning only in 1981.


Buy andalusite at GemSelect
Andalusite is a strongly pleochroic gem, which means that it can display different colours when viewed from different angles.


Buy andesine-labradorite at GemSelect
Supplies of andesine-labradorite are quite recent, with the mineral found in a range of colours, including red, yellow, champagne and green.


Buy apatite at GemSelect
Apatite, a stone seldom found in jewellery stores, is beloved by collectors for its many different colours and forms.


Buy aquamarine at GemSelect
Aquamarine is best known for its breathtaking range of blue colours and belongs to the same family as emerald (beryl). Aquamarine is coloured by trace amounts of iron.


Buy aventurine at GemSelect
Aventurine is a type of green quartz often used for carvings and cabochons.


Buy axinite at GemSelect
Axinite is a group of brown to violet-brown or reddish-brown minerals that sometimes occur in gem quality. Axinite is distinctive for its strong vitreous lustre.

Azotic Topaz

Buy Azotic topaz at GemSelect
A new high tech enhancement process using thin film deposition has created this new-look topaz.


Buy beryl at GemSelect
Beryl is one of the most important gem minerals. The most famous beryl is emerald, but other beryl varieties include aquamarine, heliodor and morganite.

Black Opal

Black Opal Cabochon - GemSelect
Black Opal is the most valuable opal variety. Its dark body colour can range from dark to black and acts as the base for the spectrum of colours it can exhibit.


Buy bloodstone at GemSelect
Bloodstone, also known as heliotrope, is a green gemstone dotted with bright red spots of iron oxide.

Boulder Opal

Buy boulder opal at GemSelect
Boulder opal is the second most prized form of opal, after black opal. The name is derived from the fact that boulder opal is found embedded in ironstone boulders.


Buy calcite at GemSelect
Pure calcium carbonate is colourless, but calcite is often coloured by various impurities, including iron, magnesium, manganese, zinc or cobalt.


Buy carnelian at GemSelect
Carnelian is a brownish red to orange variety of chalcedony quartz, coloured by trace amounts of iron. Darker colours (red-brown to brown) are often referred to by the name sard.


Buy cassiterite at GemSelect
Cassiterite is one of the densest gem materials known. It also has a very high refractive index, higher than zircon, sphene and demantoid garnet.

Cat's Eye Apatite

Buy cat's eye apatite at GemSelect
Chatoyancy (the cat's eye effect) in cat's eye apatite is the reflection of light by parallel fibres, needles, or channels, which resemble the slit eye of a cat.

Cat's Eye Aquamarine

Buy cat's eye aquamarine at GemSelect
Aquamarine is best known for its breathtaking range of blue colours and belongs to the same family as emerald. Cat's eye aquamarine is quite rare.

Cat's Eye Diaspore

Buy cat's eye diaspore at GemSelect
Diaspore, sometimes marketed under the name zultanite, is a colour change gem from Turkey. Cat's eye diaspore is fairly rare.

Cat's Eye Scapolite

Buy cat's eye scapolite at GemSelect
Scapolite is a sodium calcium aluminium silicate with a hardness of 5.5 to 6 on the Mohs scale. It is named after the Greek word for "stick", since its crystals grow in columns.

Cat's Eye Tourmaline

Buy cat's eye tourmaline at GemSelect
Tourmaline with tiny parallel inclusions sometimes displays a strong cat's eye effect when polished.


Buy chalcedony at GemSelect
Chalcedony is the fine-grained variety of the silica mineral quartz. It has a waxy lustre and appears in a great variety of colours.


Buy charoite at GemSelect
Charoite is a new gem on the market, first appearing in 1978. It is found only in one location in Siberia, Russia. The swirling shapes of lavender and violet are quite unique.

Chrome Diopside

Buy chrome diopside at GemSelect
Chrome diopside is coloured by chromium and displays a rich forest green that has similarities with tsavorite garnet and chrome tourmaline.

Chrome Tourmaline

Buy chrome tourmaline at GemSelect
Chrome tourmaline is a distinct variety of tourmaline coloured by chromium. It is sometimes referred to as chrome dravite and is known for its rich forest green colour.


Buy chrysoberyl at GemSelect
Faceted chrysoberyl is a beautiful gem which is not as well known as it deserves. Apart from the very good hardness (8.5 on the Mohs scale), it has excellent lustre.

Chrysoberyl Cat's Eye

Buy chrysoberyl cat's eye at GemSelect
The most famous and valuable cat's eye gemstone is chrysoberyl cat's eye. It is valued for its excellent hardness (8.5) and sharp cat's eye.


Buy chrysocolla at GemSelect
Chrysocolla is hydrous copper silicate. Often confused with turquoise, chrysocolla is found in unusual multicolour combinations as well as blue or green.


Buy chrysoprase at GemSelect
Chrysoprase is a gemstone variety of chalcedony or cryptocrystalline quartz, coloured by trace amounts of nickel. Its colour varies from apple-green to deep green.


Buy citrine at GemSelect
Named after the French word for lemon, citrine is yellow, gold or orange-brown transparent quartz.


Buy clinohumite at GemSelect
Clinohumite is a rare mineral and an especially rare gemstone. Only three sources of gem-quality clinohumite material are known; in Tajikistan, Siberia and Tanzania.

Colour-Change Diaspore

Buy color-change diaspore at GemSelect
Diaspore, sometimes marketed under the name zultanite or csarite, is a natural colour change gemstone mined from Turkey, which was recently introduced to the international market.

Colour-Change Garnet

Buy color-change garnet at GemSelect
Colour-change garnet is a mix of spessartite and pyrope garnet. This garnet presents a colour change from brownish in daylight to rose pink in incandescent light.

Colour-Change Sapphire

Buy color-change sapphire at GemSelect
Some rare sapphires exhibit a colour change under varying lighting conditions. Colour change sapphires are typically blue in natural light and purple under incandescent light.


Buy coral at GemSelect
Precious coral is a species of coral that grows in rocky sea bottoms. Coral exhibits a range of warm reddish-pink colours ranging from salmon pink to deep-red.


Buy danburite at GemSelect
Danburite gets its name from Danbury, Connecticut, where it was first discovered in 1839. It is quite hard, with a rating of 7 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale.

Demantoid Garnet

Buy demantoid garnet at GemSelect
Demantoid garnet is the rarest and most valuable of the garnets. Found in green to emerald green, demantoid garnet is scarce and is typically only seen in small sizes.

Dendritic Agate

Buy dendritic agate at GemSelect
Dendritic agate is a whitish-grey or colourless chalcedony with fern-like inclusions known as dendrites. The inclusions look like plant material, but they are actually iron or manganese.


Buy diamond at GemSelect
Diamond, the hardest known natural material, is a transparent carbon crystal. Diamond is famed not only for its superb hardness, but also for its high refractive index and dispersion.

Dumortierite Quartz

Buy dumortierite quartz at GemSelect
Dumortierite quartz is an unusual quartz that is intergrown with the mineral dumortierite. The inclusions of dumortierite give it a deep blue colour that is unique in the world of quartz.


Buy emerald at GemSelect
Emerald is the most precious stone in the beryl group. The wonderful green colour of emerald is unparalleled in the gem world.


Buy enstatite at GemSelect
Enstatite is a rare gemstone that belongs to the pyroxene group of minerals. It is typically brown-green with a vitreous lustre and is a collector's gem.

Fire Agate

Buy fire agate at GemSelect
Fire agate is a type of opaque, limonite-bearing chalcedony with an iridescence caused by the diffraction of light in its layered structure.

Fire Opal

Buy fire opal at GemSelect
Fire opal is an unusual variety of opal from Mexico, which can be yellow, orange or orange-red. Some fire opal gemstones are clear enough for facets.


Buy fluorite at GemSelect
Fluorite is a mineral with a veritable plethora of brilliant colours that include purple, blue, green, yellow, colourless, brown, pink and orange.

Fossil Coral

Buy fossil coral at GemSelect
Fossil coral is a decorative material that is formed when ancient coral is gradually replaced with agate. The proper name for this material is agatized coral.


Buy gaspeite at GemSelect
A recent discovery (1966), gaspeite is a very rare nickel carbonate mineral named after the place in Eastern Canada where it was first described.


Buy goshenite at GemSelect
The colourless precious beryl is known as goshenite. It is named after the small town of Goshen in Western Massachusetts where it was first described.


Buy grandidierite at GemSelect
Grandidierite is a rare greenish-blue gemstone named after Alfred Grandidier. It is often listed as one of the top 10 rarest gems in the world.

Grossularite Garnet

Buy grossularite garnet at GemSelect
Grossularite (or grossular) garnet is a calcium-aluminium garnet. The name grossular is derived from the botanical name for the gooseberry, grossularia.


Buy hackmanite at GemSelect
Hackmanite exhibits an unusual phenomenon known as reversible photochromism, where a mineral changes colour when exposed to sunlight.


Buy hambergite at GemSelect
Hambergite is one of the lesser-known gemstones. It is usually nearly colourless, with the vitreous lustre of glass when cut. It is quite a hard material, with a hardness of 7.5.


Buy hematite at GemSelect
Hematite is iron oxide that is typically blackish-grey. When highly polished it can sometimes look like silver. Hematite is a remarkably dense material.


Buy hemimorphite at GemSelect
Hemimorphite is usually found in aggregate form with blue and white bands, or mixed with a dark matrix.

Hessonite Garnet

Buy hessonite garnet at GemSelect
Hessonite is an orange-brown variety of garnet coloured by traces of manganese and iron. It is sometimes known as cinammon stone.


Buy hiddenite at GemSelect
Hiddenite is a form of spodumene containing chromium. The green colour varies from a yellowish to a bluish-green.


Buy howlite at GemSelect
Howlite is an interesting greyish-white mineral that is sometimes referred to as white turquoise because of its distinctive veining.


Buy idocrase at GemSelect
Idocrase is also known as vesuvianite, since it was originally found on Mt. Vesuvias. The colour is normally green, but it can also be brown, yellow, blue or purple.

Imperial Topaz

Buy imperial topaz at GemSelect
The most sought after of all natural topaz is called imperial topaz. Its rich golden colour with reddish and orange overtones is generally not enhanced by any kind of treatment.


Buy iolite at GemSelect
Pleochroism is very pronounced in iolite and is seen as three different colour shades in the same stone; violet, yellow-grey and blue.


Buy jadeite at GemSelect
Jadeite is found in most colours, including pure white, pink, brown, red, orange, violet, blue, black and a range of greens.


Buy jasper at GemSelect
Jasper is usually considered a type of chalcedony, however, scientists put it in a group by itself because of its grainy structure.


Buy kornerupine at GemSelect
Kornerupine is a rare transparent to translucent, typically brownish-green collector's gem. It was named after Danish naturalist, artist and explorer, Andreas Nikolaus Kornerup.


Buy kunzite at GemSelect
Kunzite is the pale pink-violet to light-violet species of the mineral spodumene. Kunzite is named in honour of the mineralogist George F. Kunz.


Buy kyanite at GemSelect
Kyanite is a layered crystal with a vitreous to almost pearly lustre that is usually found in a sapphire-like blue colour.


Buy labradorite at GemSelect
Labradorite is a member of the plagioclase feldspar group and displays a distinctive schiller in lustrous metallic tints.

Lapis Lazuli

Buy lapis lazuli at GemSelect
Lapis lazuli has been used for thousands of years in jewellery and ornamental objects. The unique deep blue colour has never lost its attraction.


Buy Larimar at GemSelect
The blue variety of pectolite has become known as Larimar. A very rare mineral, it has only been found in the Dominican Republic, where it was first discovered in 1974.


Buy lepidolite at GemSelect
Lepidolite is a lilac-grey or rose-coloured lithium-bearing mineral of the mica group. It is one of the major sources of the rare alkali metals rubidium and caesium.


Buy malachite from GemSelect
Malachite is copper carbonate with distinctive green veining. Though not a particularly hard stone, it takes an excellent polish.

Mali Garnet

Buy Mali garnet at GemSelect
Mali Garnet is one of the hybrid garnets, a mixture of grossular and andradite garnets. It gets its name from the African country where it was first discovered.


Buy maw-sit-sit at GemSelect
Maw-sit-sit is an unusual gemstone often classified as a member of the jade family. It was first discovered in 1963 and was named after a village in North western Burma.


Buy melanite at GemSelect
Melanite is the black variety of the rare andradite garnet. It is sometimes known as titanian andradite.


Buy moldavite at GemSelect
Moldavite is a bottle-green to brown-green gemstone belonging to the tektite group. It is formed from condensed rock vapors after a meteorite impact.


Buy moonstone at GemSelect
Moonstone is a unique stone that reflects light in a distinctive shimmering phenomenon known as adularescence.


Buy morganite at GemSelect
The pink form of beryl was named morganite, after the American banker and collector J.P. Morgan. A soft pink to violet, morganite belongs to the same family as emerald.

Moss Opal

Buy moss opal at GemSelect
Moss opal is a milky white opal with unique inclusions of green hornblende in moss-like patterns.

Mystic Quartz

Buy mystic quartz at GemSelect
Mystic quartz is the product of a new high tech enhancement process, whereby a coating is applied to colourless quartz.

Mother of Pearl

Buy mother of pearl at GemSelect
Mother of Pearl is an organic gemstone that comes from the inside of some mollusk shells. Mother-of-pearl is made from nacre, which is mainly calcium carbonate.

Mystic Topaz

Buy mystic topaz at GemSelect
Colourful mystic topaz is the product of a high tech enhancement process that is stable and permanent.


Buy Nuummite at GemSelect
Nuummite is an opaque metamorphic rock with an iridescent play of colour. Its chief constituent minerals are gedrite and anthophyllite.


Buy obsidian at GemSelect
Obsidian is naturally occurring volcanic glass. It is formed when felsic lava extruded from a volcano cools without crystal growth.


Buy onyx at GemSelect
Onyx is the black form of chalcedony, a cryptocrystalline form of quartz.


Buy opal at GemSelect
More than any other gem, each opal is unique. No other stone has such rich and varied folklore. Opals are also the most delicate gems commonly worn.

Opal Doublet

Buy opal doublet at GemSelect
An opal doublet consists of a slice of natural opal glued to a black backing, which causes the colour to become more vibrant.


Buy orthoclase at GemSelect
Orthoclase is a transparent yellow feldspar resembling citrine quartz or yellow beryl, found primarily in Madagascar.

Paraiba Tourmaline

Buy Paraiba tourmaline at GemSelect
Paraiba tourmaline is a rare copper-bearing gem with a vivid neon blue colour. First found in Brazil in 1989, similar material has since been found in Africa.

Peanut Wood

Buy peanut wood at GemSelect
Peanut wood is a variety of petrified wood, where the shape and structure of the wood is pre- served when the original organic material is replaced by quartz.


Buy pearl at GemSelect
Pearls are products of bivalve mollusks (mainly oysters and mussels). They are built up of nacre, which is mainly calcium carbonate in the form of aragonite crystals.


Buy peridot at GemSelect
Peridot belongs to the forsterite-fayalite mineral series. It is an idiochromatic gem, meaning its colour comes from the basic chemical composition of the mineral itself, rather than impurities.


Buy pietersite at GemSelect
Pietersite is a breccia aggregate of hawk's eye and tiger's eye, with swirling colours of blue, rusty red, gold and brown.


Buy prehnite at GemSelect
Prehnite, a form of calcium aluminium silicate, has a vitreous to pearly lustre. Affordably priced for its size, prehnite makes distinctive and interesting jewellery.

Pyrope Garnet

Buy pyrope garnet at GemSelect
Pyrope garnet is the most famous of the red garnets. Its dark, blood red colour often resembles the colour of ruby.


Buy quartz at GemSelect
Quartz is one of the most common minerals on Earth and is well known in the gemstone world in its many forms including amethyst, citrine and ametrine.

Quartz Cat's Eye

Buy quartz cat's eye at GemSelect
Quartz cat's eye is quartz in which inclusions of rutile create chatoyancy (the cat's eye effect). Usually found in white, green, yellow or brown.

Rainbow Moonstone

Buy rainbow moonstone at GemSelect
A combination of orthoclase and albite arranged in layers cause the lovely sheen. Despite the name, rainbow moonstone is actually a variety of labradorite with a multicoloured adularescence.

Rainbow Pyrite

Buy rainbow pyrite at GemSelect
Rainbow pyrite is a recent find from Russia. The material comes in the form of druzy - a layer of miniature pyrite crystals coating a matrix.


Buy rhodochrosite at GemSelect
Rhodochrosite is usually found in an aggregate form with alternating light and dark stripes in zigzag bands.

Rhodolite Garnet

Buy rhodolite garnet at GemSelect
Rhodolite garnet is the name applied to a mixture of pyrope and almandite. Rhodolite tends to be lighter in colour than most other kinds of red garnet.


Buy rhodonite at GemSelect
Rhodonite is a manganese iron magnesium calcium silicate, and a member of the pyroxenoid group of minerals.

Rose Quartz

Buy rose quartz at GemSelect
The unique soft pink colour of rose quartz is thought to be derived from tiny traces of titanium. Rose quartz crystals tend to be cloudy, which deepens its colour.

Rubellite Tourmaline

Buy rubellite tourmaline at GemSelect
Vivid pink to red tourmaline, often with a violet tinge, is known as rubellite. It is one of the most valuable tourmaline colours.


Buy ruby at GemSelect
Ruby is the red variety of corundum, the 2nd hardest substance on the Mohs scale, with a rating of 9. It is the combination of hardness and rich colour that makes fine ruby so valuable.


Buy ruby-in-fuchsite at GemSelect
Ruby-in-fuchsite is a natural combination of ruby and fuchsite in the same specimen. It is an interesting and colourful stone, with blue to emerald-green fuchsite and pink, purple or red ruby inclusions.


Buy ruby-zoisite at GemSelect
Ruby-zoisite is the natural combination of ruby and zoisite crystals in a single specimen. It is often used for carvings.

Rutile Quartz

Buy rutile quartz at GemSelect
Rutile quartz is clear or smoky quartz with inclusions of rutile crystals.

Rutile Topaz

Buy rutile topaz at GemSelect
Rutile topaz is colourless topaz with inclusions that look like rutile crystals. But the inclusions are actually thin channels of limonite staining.


Buy sapphire at GemSelect
Sapphire, with its excellent hardness, second only to diamond, is one of the four traditional precious gemstones.


Buy scapolite at GemSelect
As a gemstone scapolite is not well known, but it can be a very attractive stone. Its colour, which is usually a vibrant yellow, orange, pink or violet, is its best feature.


Buy seraphinite at GemSelect
Seraphinite is a trade name for a particular form of clinochlore. The dark-green colour of seraphinite is enhanced by a silvery and feathery shimmer caused by mica inclusions.


Buy serpentine at GemSelect
Serpentine is a type of green magnesium silicate aggregate. It is used as a decorative stone or for carvings.

Sillimanite Cat's Eye

Buy sillimanite cat's eye at GemSelect
Sillimanite is a type of aluminium silicate that is related to both andalusite and kyanite. In fact, these three minerals share the same chemical composition but have different crystal structures.


Buy smithsonite at GemSelect
Smithsonite is one of two zinc-containing minerals discovered by the British mineralogist James Smithson. The zinc silicate was named smithsonite in his honour.

Smoky Quartz

Buy smoky quartz at GemSelect
Smoky quartz is fast becoming a designer favourite for its earthy tone and tribal look. It is one of the few gemstones that is grey or brown.

Snowflake Obsidian

Buy snowflake obsidian at GemSelect
Obsidian is a naturally occurring volcanic glass. In some stones, the inclusion of white crystals of cristobalite produce a blotchy pattern, known as snowflake obsidian.


Buy sodalite at GemSelect
The mineral sodalite gets its name from its sodium content. As a gemstone, sodalite is usually blue, often with a violet tint, and frequently contains white veins of calcite.

Spessartite Garnet

Buy spessartite garnet at GemSelect
The most valuable spessartite garnets display a bright, orange-red. The best specimens come from Namibia.


Buy sphalerite at GemSelect
Sphalerite is a rare collector's gem which has exceptional dispersion (also known as fire). In fact its dispersion rating is three times as high as that for diamond.


Buy sphene at GemSelect
Sphene is a brilliant yellowish-green, green or brown gemstone of high lustre, unique colour shades and, with brilliant cut, an intense fire.


Buy spinel at GemSelect
Due to its excellent hardness and clarity, spinel is an excellent gemstone for all types of jewellery. Spinel is never treated in any way.


Buy spodumene at GemSelect
Spodumene is a relatively new mineral to science, with gem varieties discovered only in the last 120 years. Spodumene occurs in white, grey, pink, lilac and green.

Star Diopside

Buy star diopside at GemSelect
Diopside is best known for the vivid green chrome diopside, but the black diopside exhibiting asterism (also known as the star effect) is also important.

Star Garnet

Buy star garnet at GemSelect
Star garnet is a rare and unusual garnet, found only in Idado in the USA and India. It displays a four-rayed star due to aligned inclusions of rutile.

Star Lemon Quartz

Buy star lemon quartz at GemSelect
Star lemon quartz is a lemon-yellow variety of quartz that displays asterism (the star effect).

Star Moonstone

Buy star moonstone at GemSelect
Moonstone is a combination of orthoclase and albite arranged in layers which cause the lovely sheen. Star moonstone exhibits a stunning four-rayed star effect.

Star Rose Quartz

Buy star rose quartz at GemSelect
Rose quartz displaying asterism or the star effect is rare. The unique soft pink colour of rose quartz is thought to be caused by tiny traces of titanium.

Star Ruby

Buy star ruby at GemSelect
Star ruby is a ruby that displays asterism, a six-rayed star that shimmers over the surface of the stone when it is moved.

Star Sapphire

Buy star sapphire at GemSelect
Star sapphire is a sapphire that contains unusual tiny needle-like inclusions. These needles produce a phenomenon called asterism.

Star Sunstone

Buy star sunstone at GemSelect
Sunstone is plagioclase feldspar with a unique glitter from platelets of hematite.  Typicaly it has a red glitter, and more rarely a blue or green glitter. Star sunstones are known but rare.

Strawberry Quartz

Buy strawberry quartz at GemSelect
Quartz with red inclusions of lepidocrosite, hematite or goethite is often sold under the name strawberry quartz.


Buy sugilite at GemSelect
Sugilite is an obscure and quite rare mineral named after the Japanese geologist, Ken-ichi Sugi, who discovered it in 1944.


Buy sunstone at GemSelect
Sunstone is a type of plagioclase feldspar that exhibits a spangled appearance, due to reflections of red hematite.


Buy tanzanite at GemSelect
Tanzanite is a variety of zoisite. Colours of tanzanite include blue, purple and green. The highly coveted colour is deep blue, which has a purple pleochroism.

Tashmarine Diopside

Buy tashmarine diopside at GemSelect
Tashmarine diopside is a brilliant yellow-green diopside from a recent discovery in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Western China.

Tiger's Eye

Buy tiger's eye at GemSelect
Tiger's eye is a type of opaque macro crystalline quartz with a fibrous structure. It typically displays chatoyant stripes, because structural fibres are crooked or bent.

Tiger's Eye Matrix

Buy tiger's eye matrix at GemSelect
Tiger's eye matrix is the name given to tiger's eye that is cut and finished with some of its host rock intact.


Buy topaz at GemSelect
Topaz is an important gem due to its hardness and high refractive index. Topaz comes in many colours and blue topaz is especially popular.


Buy tremolite-hexagonite at GemSelect
Tremolite is a rare gemstone sometimes known as 'hexagonite' or 'tremolite-hexagonite'.


Buy tourmaline at GemSelect
One of the most versatile of gems, tourmaline is found in every colour. It can show every tone from pastel to dark, and can display various colours in the same stone.

Tsavorite Garnet

Buy tsavorite garnet at GemSelect
The green species of garnet known as tsavorite was discovered in 1967 by British geologist Campbell R. Bridges in the bush along the frontier between Kenya and Tanzania.


Buy turquoise at GemSelect
Turquoise, the blue cousin of lapis lazuli, has been known and valued for thousands of years. The early mines in Sinai, Egypt, were already worked out in 2000 B.C.


Buy variscite at GemSelect
Variscite is a relatively rare type of phosphate mineral. High quality specimens are used as gemstones and for carvings. Variscite is coloured by traces of chromium.


Buy verdite at GemSelect
Verdite is light to dark-green serpentine rock that is often spotted or variegated. Most specimens come from South Africa and Zimbabwe.


Buy zircon at GemSelect
Zircon has great brilliance and intensive fire, due to its high refractive index and strong dispersion.